Set up the farm at a safe distance from
other poultry houses and fence in.
Keep birds of only one age group and no
other poultry on the farm.
Allow no visitors to enter the farm.
Wear only the farm’s own protective
clothing within the farm area and also
provide clothing for veterinarians, service
andmaintenance workers, and consultants.
Disinfect boots before entering the houses.
Use bulk feed if possible. Do not allow the
truck driver to enter the houses.
Safeguard the houses against wild birds
and vermin. Keep rats and mice under
Dispose of dead birds hygienically. Follow
local laws and regulations.
Check at least once daily:
Feed and water consumption
When assessing the state of health, do
not just go by the general impression and
mortality rate, but also take note of feed and
water consumption as well as the texture of
Clean water is equally as important as good
feed for top performance. Therefore fresh,
clean, potable water must be available at
all times for the layers and an adequate
consumption must be always assured. A
water meter is a very useful tool to inspect
The optimum water temperature is about
20 °C. Furthermore feed and water intake
are closely correlated. If the birds don’t drink
enough water for any reason, the feed intake
The water to feed ratio at comfort
temperature is around 1.8–2 : 1, but this
relation increases up to 5 : 1 at high ambient
temperatures above 30 °C. During exposure
to high temperatures, birds consume less