feed, but more water in an effort to cool their
Check the water quality regularly, especially
if you use your own water supply like well
For example excessive salt levels in drinking
water can cause persistent damage to shell
quality and hard water with high TDS* levels
may cause kidney damage.
when rations are supplemented by grains.
This stimulates the development of the crop
and the gizzard during the rearing period,
which in turn has a positive effect on feed
Table 13: Amount and Granulation of
Grit Dependent on Age
once a week 1g /bird
once a week 2g/bird
(size 3–4 mm)
once a month 3g/bird
Litter (Non Cage Housing)
Only use shavings from untreated wood in
order to avoid poisoning and residues in the
Provide sufficient ventilation to ensure good
litter condition and remove wet litter, if
Egg Quality and
eggs of excellent quality. To preserve the
quality, the following points should be
Collect eggs at least once a day.
Store eggs at temperatures between 5
°C and 10 °C with a relative humidity of
Storing at higher temperatures and lower
humidity leads to rapid loss of weight and
impairs the quality of the egg white due to
an increase in gas exchange.
*TDS: Total Dissolved Solids