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34

LOHMANN TIERZUCHT

MANAGEMENT GUIDE

34

Nests (Non Cage Housing)

The quality of nests is also a factor which

affects egg quality. Renew the litter in litter-

type nests regularly and keep them clean.

Provide individual nests at a rate of one nest

for 4 hens. Collect floor eggs frequently to

keep their rate as low as possible.

In addition to sufficient nesting space in

family type nests, the following factors are

important for a

low rate of floor eggs:

Clean, dry litter or soft nest lining

Easy access

Even distribution of the nests within

the barn

Only one type of nest in the barn

For optimum egg quality, rollaway nests in

combination with slats are better than litter-

type nests or family type nests.

Stocking Density

The optimal bird density/m

2

depends on

management conditions and to which extent

climate can be controlled. 6–8 birds/m² can be

taken as a general guide for non-cage housing.

For cage systems, an area of at least 475–

540 cm

2

/bird is recommended. Take note of

deviating regulations for stocking density

and declaration of eggs.

Equipment Requirements

In general, the more closely the growing

house and facilities resemble the future

production system, the easier it will be

for the pullets to settle down in their new

environment after transfer to the laying

house. The following tables show the

equipment requirements for rearing and

production period.

Table 14: Equipment Requirement

for Rearing Period

Equipment

Age in

Weeks

Requirement

Chick founts

1 1fount (4–5 l)

for 100chicks

Round drinkers

to 20 1drinker (Ø 46 cm)

for 125birds

Linear drinkers

to 20 1running m

for 100birds

Nipple drinkers

to 20 6–8 birds per nipple

Chick feeding trays 1–2 1tray for 60chicks

Cut off chick cartons 1–2 1carton for 100chicks

Round feeders

3–10

11–20

2feeders (Ø 40 cm)

for 100birds

3feeders (Ø 40 cm)

for 100birds

Chain feeders

3–10

11–20

2.5–3.5 lin. m

for 100 birds

4.5 lin. m

for 100birds

Table 15: Equipment Requirement

for Production Period

Equipment

Requirement

Round drinkers 1 drinker (Ø 46 cm) for 125birds

Linear drinkers 1runningm for 80–100birds

Nipple drinkers 6–8birds per nipple

Round feeders 4feeders (Ø 40 cm) for 100birds

Single nests

1nest (26 x 30 cm) for 4birds

Chain feeders 5 lin. m for 100birds

Further details in the

LOHMANN

Management

Guide for floor/free range housing.